Herodotus Returns

Stone Age Surgery
January 26, 2010, 11:59 am
Filed under: Neolithic | Tags: ,

Evidence of a stone age amputation found in Early Neolithic tomb, France.

Scientists unearthed evidence of the surgery during work on an Early Neolithic tomb discovered at Buthiers-Boulancourt, about 40 miles (65km) south of Paris. They found that a remarkable degree of medical knowledge had been used to remove the left forearm of an elderly man about 6,900 years ago — suggesting that the true Flintstones were more developed than previously thought.

The patient seems to have been anaesthetised, the conditions were aseptic, the cut was clean and the wound was treated, according to the French National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (Inrap).

More on the stone age amputation.


Dongshan Village: earliest sign of Chinese civilization
January 17, 2010, 8:54 am
Filed under: China, Neolithic | Tags: , ,

China has released a list of the top archaeological discoveries of 2009. Among them is the discovery of a Neolithic ruin at Dongshan Village, which evidences the earliest known Chinese civilizations ever found.

The Neolithic Ruins at Dongshan Village allows us to better understand prehistoric culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

The size of the excavation covers more than 2,000 square meters. It’s divided into two parts: the eastern area where eight tombs have been found with over 200 pieces of jade, stone vessels and pottery and the western part where a number of small tombs and house ruins have been discovered.

All the tombs are strictly organized into social levels. It’s the earliest proof of China’s ancient hierarchy system. The discovery of these tombs has pushed the research of the tribe in the era of the Songze culture forward.

Earliest permanent settlement found at Tel Aviv
January 12, 2010, 6:26 am
Filed under: Neolithic, Pre-history | Tags: , , ,

Israeli archaeologists have found remains of an 8,000-year-old building as well as hippopotamus bones and pottery shards in the Tel Aviv area.

“This discovery is both important and surprising to researchers of the period,” said Ayelet Dayan, who led the excavations.

“For the first time we have encountered evidence of a permanent habitation that existed in the Tel Aviv region about 8,000 years ago.”

That places it in the Neolithic period when man went from a nomadic existence to living in permanent settlements.

Flint implements ascribed to earlier periods were also discovered at the site, including the point of a hunting tool from the Middle Paleolithic period or about 100.000 years ago.

Animal remains, including hippopotamus bones, were found at the site.

More on the story here.